Brain function therapy helps patients that have lost the ability to perform certain functions (movement, speech or language for example) as a result of suffering a brain injury. The most common cause of these injuries is a stroke but they may also result from brain tumors or traumatic brain injuries (such as a fall). The treatment process begins in hospital starting with simple mental and physical exercises. Patients often complete their rehabilitation at a specialized facility once they are ready to leave hospital but not ready to resume their normal lives.

During brain function therapy a care team will help the patient improve their cognitive, physical and behavioral functioning so that the patient can transition to living independently at home or to live in a facility that will continue to provide care. Cognitive rehabilitation therapists help patients to improve their ability to think clearly to maximize their return to a normal life while physical or neuromuscular therapy treats motor control functions so that the patient regains mobility and independence.