Internet exchange points (IXPs) are a key element of the interoperability of the Internet system. Quality and fast Internet access is vital in today’s world and IXPs play a significant role in providing improved capacity and speed.
The Internet is composed of thousands of networks that are grouped into different categories depending on their role and activities. One category of organizations distribute content and the other provide access to this content – the access providers.
In order for content to be distributed over the network, access provider and content provider networks must connect to each other; this can happen directly or through other networks. An internet exchange point refers to the hardware that is used to exchange traffic between different providers’ networks so that the internet can operate. IXPs help keep local traffic local and provide faster Internet traffic exchange.